Q&A: What are education degrees in usa?

Question by Kaszynek: What are education degrees in usa?
Can you tell mi what are usa education system degrees. I want to know some details about getting degrees in usa. What levels of education there are and which degree can i get after each level of education.
I want to know also when can I get education degrees (school and age):
Holds degree (basic, before high school?)
High school degree (after high school (what is usual age when ending that school? 19?))
Bechelors Degree
Master Degree

Best answer:

Answer by aida
We don’t give degrees before the college or university level. Students simply go through twelve years (thirteen counting kindergarten at the beginning) of elementary and secondary school and, if they complete those years successfully, receive a high school diploma. A student intending to continue to college/university usually receives an academic diploma, which requires some foreign language and higher mathematics and for which other subjects are usually taught at a slightly more advanced level than they are for other diplomas. Students not preparing for college usually earn diplomas that reflect their training to enter the job world directly.

American school systems are beginning to require students entering the first grade to be six years old as of the first day of school, so typically they will graduate from high school at eighteen or nineteen. In the past, school systems usually required first-graders to turn six by a certain date during the academic year, and that cut-off date varied from state to state. As a result, many students graduated at seventeen.

At the college/university level, a bachelor’s degree generally reflects four years (or the equivalent) of full-time study with a specialization in one field. However, in American colleges, students are also expected to take a range of classes in the liberal arts as well. The most common bachelor’s degrees are the Bachelor of Arts and the Bachelor of Science, and these terms are slightly misleading. Many who major in a science still receive the BA degree, and at some schools students in the humanities may earn the BS by opting not to take certain humanities classes outside their personal fields.

A master’s degree in a traditional academic field typically represents an additional year of study in a field in which the student is already well-grounded, along with writing a thesis and/or passing one or more comprehensive examinations. Master’s programs outside those traditional fields, in fields like library science, social work, education, or others, sometimes have slightly different requirements–for instance, more classwork in exchange for no thesis or comprehensive exam requirement, or an internship of some sort in the field of the degree.

Although you didn’t ask about the doctorate, the Ph. D. represents another year or two of full-time study at the graduate level, followed by comprehensive exams and a dissertation, which in most fields is a book-length piece of original scholarly research. Again doctoral programs other than the Doctor of Philosophy (which is usually given in those same traditional academic fields) are likely to have somewhat different requirements, but the amount of work involved is roughly the same. A doctorate CAN earned in four years after the master’s, IF one does little else but work on it!

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